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Ancient culture

Perhaps, until now we can see clearly, the British colonial government from the past British price view, how thoroughly. British colonists refused to integrate into Indian society. They have never claimed that if there is a paradise on earth, it is sure to be here in India. The British ruled India, but at the same time it was contemptuous and disdain for online marketing . They cast the British into the country of India; the Indians were forced to retreat into nationalism, which initially seemed to imitate the British. In order to see their own face, in order to new, conquerors bring the value of the standard to measure their own, the Indians must escape from their own culture. This is a very painful self-ditch. In fact, at the beginning, only in the Max, the lovers of Europeans and other foreign scholars of their writings by the Indian nationalist writers a large number of references to help, the Indian people can get more positive, so that they feel good self Evaluation.
As a result, the Indians began to consciously and consciously return to their spiritual and cultural traditions as the inscriptions of the monastery of the temple. Prathaad called for the spirit of science. This is a newspaper that reports the title of the late Indian President Vladimir Putrajad, “the old man returns after almost every day to speak.” The influential, the “Times of India” appeared in such a report: the spirit of the culture of the “retailer” <Santi Nietan January 16 hearing> Acha Liya, Vinoba, Bafu yesterday announced that in order to promote our country Of the spiritual wealth, he is willing to act as a “retailer”.


In a reception held in the city, he told the guests that the Buddha, Jesus, the God of that, the Tagore, the Rama Krishna and the Wivikan Nanda were “wholesalers of spiritual culture, and I was a Retailers, from our inexhaustible, inexhaustible reward library to extract the goods, supply folks. As a result, the Indians began to consciously return to India. At a reception held for the former governor, quietly, everyone sitting in a row of chairs on the wall, who did not say anything. Suddenly, there was a guest pulling his voice, loudly asked me: “In the country where you live, the Indian Trade Association <a I = 6> what about the recent situation? In the past, the former governor of the Indian independence movement, wearing a thick Indian tights, sat in the main theme, heard the advice of the man, immediately lean forward, listen to my answer. It is said that his old people love the Indian culture later I read several reports in the newspaper, only to know that he often speak, talk about his views on the Indian culture. In order to show me the old man that I really look at this issue, willing to discuss with you, learn, so I also pulled up his voice, across the huge room loudly answered that my dear friend: “You said the Indian culture, in the end what Things to accompany me to the Indian administrative officials, scared immediately close your eyes, revealing a look of painful expression. The former governor sits back into the chair. Full House guest silence.

Adams Pastor

As a result, the Indians consciously and consciously return to the spiritual life and ancient culture, as the British return to the Strand Street Simpson translation company Tom, Jones and Adams pastor. However, inevitably, this unnatural consciousness will always hurt people’s real feelings, real feeling. The old world is full of re-creation, repeated destruction, thousands of years of endless ruins of the old world now no longer survive; the Indians suddenly into a new world, struggling, looking around, only to see the new world Of the form, but unpredictable its spirit. Trying to find a new identity on their own land, the Indians turned into a lost orchid.
They set up double standards. Kolkata has been in cholera and five hundred have died. This news only appears in a newsletter in an Indian newspaper. The death of a dozen children, it is only understatement with a penny: Felao Ladu City, the spread of smallpox “India Times” News supply center special electricity <Agra June 1 hearing) It is reported that Felao Zabad City, the recent outbreak of smallpox The epidemic is currently spreading rapidly. It is reported that Jalori, Kalan village has twenty people died of smallpox, mostly children. In the same Indian newspaper, the death of sixteen miners in Belgium was big news.

Farmers who landed on land disputes were confused, sitting in court, opening their mouths and listening loudly to the lawyers of both sides to use the language they could not understand. The court outside the door outside the dust everywhere, noisy, like the market in general, groups of idle farmers in the lounging; sitting in the shade of the shade, the operation of them in front of that master typewriter; lawyers wearing dazzling dark gray robe Come and wait for customers to come home. This market-style court is operated in a price view that has changed but remains at the legal level; it is just a pretense, a complicated ritual that helps the Indians through this earthly world. Another kind of legal caste system, while millions of Indians as untouchables, must also be cherished and respected, imitating the Western system, and only to cover the schizophrenia of the Indians. India this country must be improved, must be swept away corruption, must catch up with the Western countries, but these are really important? Will a little bit of corruption endanger society as a whole? Material life really so worth pursuing it? Did the Indians not enjoy it before? Is it not long ago that ancient India had atomic bombs, planes and telephones? Talk to the Indians about these issues, listen to them irrational, you will be alive and alive. However, I only need to recall my grandmother’s house on the island of Trinidad, recalling their hazy perception of the inner and outer worlds, and I can understand their translation of the notarization logic, to understand their hearts warm and positive emotions and cool negative despair. But I have learned to observe; I can not deny that I see the phenomenon. They live in another world. They did not see those who get up early, on a row of squatting in the railway next to the Indian people. More importantly, they do not recognize the existence of these Indians at all. Why should I deliberately watch these people squatting on the railway? In Cairo, I am not encountered groups of beggars? In Rio de Janeiro, did not I visit the black slums.

Indian civil servants

Today’s India, the language is also a mess. In addition to the British, every conqueror in the history of India has given a language to the Indians. However, until today, English is still a foreign die casting in India . This is the greatest regret left by British rule over India. Language is like a sensory; India independence, the official continue to use it forever only India’s second language will certainly cause great harm in the Indian psychological. It is like compelling the city of the city to speak in the Bansley, like French or Urdu. In this way, the efficiency will certainly be reduced; more seriously, it will establish a barrier between the administrative officials and the people, and it will prevent the Indians from seeking self-consciousness. In government agencies forced to use English English civil servants, often reveal a look of panic, helpless look. For him, English is like an incomprehensible spell; reluctantly use this language to communicate with people, will only make his reaction becomes very rigid, stiff. So, his working time in the stumbled state over the past, and after get off work, the use of their own language, he became a thought agile, laughing people.

Hindi has been designated by the government as India’s Mandarin. Half of the country’s population knows the language. Use Hindi, you from the north of Srinagar to the south of the fruit, from the west of Mumbai to the eastern part of Calcutta, the ruins of the Rhapsody all the way unimpeded. However, there are many people in northern India disdain to use their Mandarin, pretend to understand. In the south, when Gandhi to promote the study of Mandarin craze, and now has long been fever. Some people say that the Hindi dialect of the northern dialect as the national language, will only let the northerners take advantage, it is better to use English, so that the south and the north to maintain equality, even at the expense of administrative efficiency, even if most people remain illiterate Identity, but also worth. Some Indians even pointed out that the country of India would always need a conqueror to act as an arbitrator. Hindi people in a new sense of self, refused to simplify this complex language, so that more people can understand, but rack their brains, it becomes more complex and more difficult to understand. The radio is a common English word, but the Hindi people disdain to use it, and hard to turn it into a strange voice from the sky.
Indian writers began to write Western-style novels. Indians in this area of ​​the attempt to further reveal the Indian country is currently facing the aluminum casting <a I = 5> chaos. The novel is a unique literary form of the West. It reflects the Western people’s concern for the human situation; it describes the real life here at this time. In India, thoughtful people disdain to explore real life; they believe that the writer’s responsibility is to meet President Rada Krishnan’s “human basic needs of the spiritual world.” From the Western point of view, it is not appropriate to write or read the novel in this way of mind. In order to meet their basic needs of the spiritual world, many Indians on the “razor edge” and “devil spokesperson” such novels to read the title, we know that it is a parable fable. In addition to the spirit of the value of the novel should also have those conditions.

Be annoying

Story, “character shaping”, “art”, realistic way, theme, touching plot, beautiful text Up to now Indian writers and scholars are still debating. So, we saw the college boys holding the “female students magnesium die casting library” published paperback book, read with relish; so we saw the New Delhi school “St. Stephen School” student dormitory filled with children’s books; So we saw that in a scholar’s study, the British romance novelist Dani Si, Robbins of a set of works, and a roll of astrological works tied together in a piece. So, we found that the Indian press published a set of paperback Benin, Austin works, as a good at using the “Ming” novelist to promote.
This is just a part of the Indian imitation of the West. This is a self-deceitful act. The same phenomenon can be seen everywhere: a new theater has been completed in Chang Ducheng, but can not find a playwright to write a script; writers are busy all year round to discuss how to “integrate national feelings”, how to help the government to promote five years Painting, how to solve the problems faced by writers. These writings seem to have nothing to write, but with the translation of the relationship between the writers think that the English language, used to translate the Russian novelist Tolstoy’s work, may not be a problem, but it can not accurately and vividly show the use of India ” Language “writing the flavor of the novel. This may be true.


I have read the English translation of Indian novels, but after reading a few, I do not want to read. I found that even by the reader love the great novelist Proin Chandler, in fact, just one one First-class fancher; his work is always talking about a few social issues: the status of widows, daughter-in-law, and so on. Other writers soon made me feel tired, because their work is talking about that set of: poverty is very sad, life and death is the most sad. Indian novels are filled with poor fishermen, poor tenants, poor rickshaws. In these works, you often encounter young and beautiful girl; they are always inexplicable sudden death, or else, is to accompany the landlord to sleep, to pay the family’s medical expenses, and then commit suicide. Many “modern” short stories, in fact, only the new bottle of old wine folk stories. I attended a meeting of the Trumpi writers in Andhra Pradesh and received a pamphlet. First, it tells the story of how the Truju people struggled to try to build an independent Trukbang, “frankly, I was not interested in this kind of thing,” and then it told us how many martyrs died in this fight. Only to provide us with a brief history of the development of Trudeau novels. From this information, Trudeau’s novels were all imitated by the “Wickfay Reverend” Donglin. And then go south, I met an Indian writer. It is said that his works are deeply influenced by Hemingway.
“Wickfay priest biography” and “old man and the sea,” these two Western novels, saying that nothing with the Indian customs can not talk about the slightest relationship. At the beginning, the Japanese novel is also the law of the West. Tanzawa Ryuichi admitted that his early works were influenced by the European novel too deep. However, despite the formal imitation of Western ozone sterilization works, the Japanese novel is still able to show the Japanese unique world view. This makes the early works of Tanazaki, as well as the Mishima Yukio’s recent work, with a unique and fascinating flavor: the kind of strange white way to create an unparalleled transcendental, objective effect, so that the whole work at first glance seems to be no subject. , It is said that his works are deeply influenced by Hemingway. “Wickfay priest biography” and “old man and the sea,” these two Western novels, saying that nothing with the Indian customs can not talk about the slightest relationship. At the beginning, the Japanese novel is also the law of the West. Tanzawa Ryuichi admitted that his early works were influenced by the European novel too deep. However, despite the formal imitation of Western ozone sterilization works, the Japanese novel is still able to show the Japanese unique world view. This makes the early works of Tanazaki, as well as the Mishima Yukio’s recent work, with a unique and fascinating flavor: the kind of strange white way to create an unparalleled transcendental, objective effect, so that the whole work at first glance seems to be no subject. , It is said that his works are deeply influenced by Hemingway. “Wickfay priest biography” and “old man and the sea,” these two Western novels, saying that nothing with the Indian customs can not talk about the slightest relationship. At the beginning, the Japanese novel is also the law of the West.

Tanzawa Ryuichi admitted that his early works were influenced by the European novel too deep. However, despite the formal imitation of Western ozone sterilization works, the Japanese novel is still able to show the Japanese unique world view. This makes the early works of Tanazaki, as well as the Mishima Yukio’s recent work, with a unique and fascinating flavor: the kind of strange white way to create an unparalleled transcendental, objective effect, so that the whole work at first glance seems to be no subject.

Life continues

Although in the eyes of Westerners, this narrative method is a bit strange, but it reflects the Japanese novelists on the exploration of real life, and their concern for the fate of mankind. Full of Indian literature and the film’s warmth and sentimental, reflected by the reality of the mind is to escape the Indian writers to the cold reality into a warm, beautiful feelings. Indian-style and Western writers of the fate of human care, is entirely different.
Narayan key marketing works of the greatest features and achievements, is a magical and fascinating way to transform the lack of Indian society and culture. I say so, and there is no disrespectful meaning; in fact, Narayan is my very admired, appreciation of the Indian writer. Each of his works reflects the indifference of the Indian novels. The Indian writers are always skeptical about the function and value of the novel, and thus produce this special sense of loss, but his frankness, humor, and the most important ), But with his works a superb power, so that it will not become popular novels. His work goes deep into the bottom of the Indian society. A few years ago, he told me in London, no matter what happened, India will always survive. He is casually talk, but I can hear it, this sentence for him, but a very deep belief deep to no need to be particularly emphasized. This is a negative outlook on life, belonging to the relatively old and lack of self-exploration of India. This kind of outlook on life creates a peculiar effect in literature: India, which appears in Narayan’s novels, is not the Indian that visitors see. <A I = 4> Narayan is from the perspective of India presents the real life of life. The cold real life, most of which is removed from his work; many life phenomena are regarded as, of course, without being explored. There is a contradiction in the works of Narayan: his novel form contains the care of the fate of mankind, and his outlook on life is the exclusion of such care; Narayan novel magical charm Some critics say it is Chekhov Is the result of this calm and restrained contradiction. His style is unique, other writers can not imitate, and I do not think that his work represents the Indian literature will eventually embark on the kind of integration. The young generation of Indian writers who used English writing had already parted with Narayan. Among the novels that depict the dilemmas of returning students from Europe, these writers are still confused and disturbed; their works can be regarded as documents of the Indian chaos. Deep into the bottom of the Indian society, but at the same time able to observe the macro point of view, criticize it is the only writer Po Lei Wei, Jia Buwa, and she is Europeans.

The encounter between India and the United Kingdom was shattered; it ended in a double fantasy. The new consciousness makes the Indians impossible to return to the past, their insistence on “Indian nationality”, but let them unable to take a big step forward. In this country, you may find an Indian that has not changed since the Urika period, but in fact it has changed and changed very thoroughly. You may think that India’s imitation of the West’s achievements is positive and positive until you find that “sometimes feel very anxious and sometimes feel uneasy): the overall communication and communication between the East and the West is impossible, , The Western world view can not be transferred ^, India seo culture still exists in some Westerners can not enter the level, you can let the Indians retreated. In today’s India, the negative oriental world outlook and the positive Western world outlook have been diluted and diluted; the two checks and balances each other. Western culture is not enough to penetrate India; the British tried to change the Indian faith and culture, the result is difficult to return. India’s power, the viability of India, from the negative world view, from the Indian unique kind of near-instinctive life sense of continuity. Once this life is diluted, it will lose its power. I = 5> India and the United Kingdom between the encounter, after all burst; it ended in the double fantasy. The new consciousness makes the Indians impossible to return to the past, their insistence on “Indian nationality”, but let them unable to take a big step forward. In this country, you may find an Indian that has not changed since the Urika period, but in fact it has changed and changed very thoroughly. You may think that India’s imitation of the West’s achievements is positive and positive until you find that “sometimes feel very anxious and sometimes feel uneasy): the overall communication and communication between the East and the West is impossible, , The Western world view can not be transferred ^, India seo culture still exists in some Westerners can not enter the level, you can let the Indians retreated. In today’s India, the negative oriental world outlook and the positive Western world outlook have been diluted and diluted; the two checks and balances each other. Western culture is not enough to penetrate India; the British tried to change the Indian faith and culture, the result is difficult to return. India’s power, the viability of India, from the negative world view, from the Indian unique kind of near-instinctive life sense of continuity. Once this life is diluted, it will lose its power. I = 5> India and the United Kingdom between the encounter, after all burst; it ended in the double fantasy. The new consciousness makes the Indians impossible to return to the past, their insistence on “Indian nationality”, but let them unable to take a big step forward. In this country, you may find an Indian that has not changed since the Urika period, but in fact it has changed and changed very thoroughly. You may think that India’s imitation of the West’s achievements is positive and positive until you find that “sometimes feel very anxious and sometimes feel uneasy): the overall communication and communication between the East and the West is impossible, , The Western world view can not be transferred ^, India seo culture still exists in some Westerners can not enter the level, you can let the Indians retreated. In today’s India, the negative oriental world outlook and the positive Western world outlook have been diluted and diluted; the two checks and balances each other. Western culture is not enough to penetrate India; the British tried to change the Indian faith and culture, the result is difficult to return. India’s power, the viability of India, from the negative world view, from the Indian unique kind of near-instinctive life sense of continuity. Once this life is diluted, it will lose its power.

Metaphysical category

Too much emphasis on the “national character of India”, the sense of life will certainly be lost. The desire to create and the power to eliminate, the Indians are not the continuation of natural enzymes , but the stagnation of life. This phenomenon is reflected in the “ancient culture” building; reflected in the loss of many indignation of the life of the Indians [in fact, this is mainly psychological, rather than political and economic); reflected in the state and his The group of friends in the political chat; reflected in the “Lu Lu wild” temple stone carved in a group of dead horse and a stationary car. Shiva has long been no longer dancing, 1725 – 1774, the British general, lay the foundation for the British exclusive India.


From 1859 to 1925, British politicians served
as Governor of India from 1890 to 1905 . Is a state of northern India, the capital is Simla, 1723 – 1818, British politicians, from 1773 to 1785 served as the first British governor in India. At the beginning of the eighteenth century British literary celebrity Joseph, Adisen and Richard, Steele co-organized weekly. Tom. Jones is the master of the 18th century British novelist Henry Felting’s masterpiece “Tom, Jones”. Adams Pastor is another figure in the other works of the “Joseph, Andrews”. Zagnat’s is the eighth incarnation of the gods of Vishnu in India. Indian believers believe that in the festival was carried by the statue of the car was killed, you can ascend to heaven. , A village in southern India, known for its Buddhist relics in India. Before writing this chapter, if I had the opportunity to read the “rebels” of Calam, I might use his terms. The “ability to resist” by the card is what I call “proactive” and “capable of introspection”.
It is noteworthy that the Camusians and the Indians of South America, as an example, some of the nations in the world lack the ability to resist. “The question of resistance … is only meaningful to those who live in Western society … Because of the rise of the theory of political freedom, in our society, people are increasingly aware of human values, and the practice of political freedom theory also makes people The existing system is increasingly dissatisfied … This problem involves the growing consciousness of mankind in the pursuit of ideals, which in fact does not exist for the Incas and the Indian pity, because their traditional culture They have believed that the tradition is sacred, and in a society in which certain things are sacred, the question of resistance is simply not produced, because such a society can not be a real problem; all the problems There is no answer to the world, there is no question, only the eternal answers and comments, and these may belong to the category of metaphysics, the Roman emperor, AD 9-8 years to 11 years reign , 1823 – 1900, born in Germany, the British Sanskrit scholars and linguists .1888-87 , The President of India (1962-1977), philosophers and educators, a race and the language of their use in Andhra Pradesh, southeastern India, 1860-1904 , Russian dramatists and short stories. “We can separate the” obedience literature “from the same period as the ancient history and the classical world) with the” revolt literature “in the modern world.We found that “Obedience to literature”, the novel is rare; a few is called office furniture <a I = 7> works, depicting most of the fantasy, rather than the real life experience … … these works can only be said to be fairy tale, unworthy called the novel. In the later rise of the “resistance to literature”, the form of the novel was only real development, until today, still full of vigor and vitality and infinite potential … … the birth of modern novels, coincides with the rise of the spirit of resistance; The level of expression of the same ideals and pursuits. “Camus” Rebellion “Read the book Chapter 2.

My service card

India’s romantic legend “You must not guess what I was doing?” The middle-aged man body cut, facial features clear, the bridge of the bridge with a pair of glasses. His eyes only cast a glance to cast a glance, the nose shining with a crystal sweat. Winter morning, we take the train and other cars do not open the heating, chilly. “I may be able to help me! I work at my desk . Is this my service card? Have you got this service card?” “You are a checkman!” He grinned. Revealing the gums. “Sir, you are mistaken, and the checkmen are in uniform.” He laughed and laughed and smiled. “I think you can never guess my identity.” Well, I told you. I am the North Railway Bureau’s “forms and stationery inspectors.” “Forms and stationery!” “Yes, I am on the road throughout the year , From day to night, from one station to another, and inspect the tables and stationery used by each train station office. ”

I can fared better, sir. You listen to me this one English quite fluently, right? my English teacher is Mr. Harding. I Was a college graduate with a Bachelor of Arts degree, and when I was ambitious and entered the railway office, they placed me in the warehouse, and that day I moved down the bundles of forms and tools from the shelves and handed them to the feet. Of course, the application will be approved by the top, I will send them these things. “” Of course, “in the warehouse squatting for several years, I was sober, sit in the office. The process is very slow, but I have been living in the railway station bureau and the stationery department.I let my son accept a good education.I put my daughter into the wind and light to marry my two A son, and now one in the army, one in the air force, is the officer Oh. “” Listen to you say that Mr. inspectors, you are still full of this generation is quite proud of it. “” Oh, sir, you Do not play me! My life is white, nothing can boast. “” Mr. inspectors, can you please talk about your work. “” Confidential, this is a business secret, but if you really want to know, I’ll tell you, first of all, I have to come up with an office chair.

A basket of fresh things

“Looks like a booklet, a total of sixteen pages.” “Sometimes, the application will be sent to the station there. Once a year, we have to the station under the station owners to send such an application. Yes, there are three other forms of screen compartments . ”
” The webmaster submits the application form and then ”
” and then ” I came to the station, quietly, and got off with the other passengers, and sometimes I was killed by the stationmaster station. And he did not know that I was checking his
application, and then I showed my identity. ”
” You are a good dear , Mr. inspector. ”
” Is it? “As a” form and stationery inspector ” I have to look at the details of every webmaster, and their personality is revealed on the application form.You can see how they are from the form they write. You look at this application. Chen reported. ”
this Please write in black ink alone Chen, next to the red pen to add annotations and instructions crowded.
“Turn to the eleventh page. See no? The webmaster even apply for a hundred note paper.”
“God! You only give him two.” “The station has six sons, all in school Ninety eight of the hundred notes were given to his children, and as a form and stationery inspector, I knew what they would do. Yo, the train was there! It seems that today I will encounter a basket of fresh things. I wish I had the opportunity to tell you, the train station owners who apply for some of the stationery. ”
” A few days ago, I met your men A “form and stationery inspector”. ”
” What are you doing? ”
” The form and stationery inspector of the Railway Bureau. “The wreath on the pillow” There is no such person in our bureau. “” It was not made by me, and he took the stationery application and showed it to me. “When I heard the” conference desk application form “, the friend had to confess.

The wreath on the pillow

Indian Railways! It is always kept in every traveler’s memory ^ no matter where you travel in India: north, east, west or south. However, few writers describe the romance of the Indian railway. The size of the organization, shortening the distance of India; it posted in each station has long been a faded cloth, confidently declared that: the delay of the bus usually arrived at the destination on time. Indeed, the Indian train is usually able to do this. However, the Indian Railway Bureau of the romantic legend of the existence of it? So complex, so an excellent organization, should belong to a more affluent, with the bustling city for tourists to find the country to find the country. However, the romantic legend of India and the city is only a distance from your knowledge of the distance only. The names of those cities are all listed on the yellow cloth. The power of the train to the distance bite, digest, and then excreted it. The train is racing and accelerating, and soon you will find that the speed of the train becomes as painful as the poor, vast, monotonous, and small land on both sides of the railway. The land is lying on the sky, dying, dead, until the train arrived at the next stop, it suddenly wake up, noisy, as if the way to suppress the essence and vitality all vent in this moment, this one place: Short, sweaty feet, wrapped around the red towel, wearing a Indian-style gown, pulled the voice of the call; selling tea hawkers carrying a large teapot, carry a cup around the sale of cups used to drop); sell betel nut and The design of the curry dessert in the pile of people drilled, drunk constantly [loaded food plate, is a few pieces of dry trees with a small twisted together leaves, used to be thrown to the platform or rail there, There was a group of wild dogs waiting, and when they saw the “plate” fell, they rushed forward, grimace and grabbed a ball, and the dog who grabbed the food would pull his voice and howling.